diamond geezer

 Saturday, September 24, 2005

Hurricane facts
• Tropical cyclones are called hurricanes in the Atlantic and typhoons in the Pacific.
• Hurricanes rotate anti-clockwise in the northern hemisphere, and clockwise in the southern hemisphere.
• For a hurricane to form, ocean temperature must be at least 26½°C down to a depth of at least 50m.
• One third of Atlantic hurricanes form in September, and three quarters between August and October.

Hurricane force:
Force 1 (minimal): 74-95mph [110 have hit the US since 1851, 1 of them this year]
Force 2 (moderate): 96-110mph [72 have hit the US since 1851]
Force 3 (extensive): 111-130mph [73 have hit the US since 1851, 2 of them this year]
Force 4 (extreme): 131-155mph [19 have hit the US since 1851, 1 of them this year]
Force 5 (catastrophic): 156+mph [3 have hit the US since 1851 - in 1935, 1969 and 1992]

Category 4+ hurricanes to make landfall in the US over the last 50 years:
1960 Donna (4), 1961 Carla (4), 1969 Camille (5), 1989 Hugo (4), 1992 Andrew (5), 2004 Charley (4), 2005 Katrina (4), Rita (4) (3)

The five Atlantic hurricanes with the lowest recorded pressure since records began:
1988 Gilbert (888mb), 1935 Labor Day (892mb), 2005 Rita (897mb), 1980 Allen (899mb), 2005 Katrina (902mb)

2005 tropical cyclone names (with hurricanes underlined):
Arlene, Bret, Cindy, Dennis, Emily, Franklin, Gert, Harvey, Irene, Jose, Katrina, Lee, Maria, Nate, Ophelia, Philippe, Rita, (Stan, Tammy, Vince, Wilma)

• Hurricane Able was the first named hurricane, in 1950.
• Only female names were used from 1953 until 1979 - now hurricanes alternate in gender.
• A list of 21 names is picked for each hurricane season. Lists repeat every 6 years.
• This year's list will be reused in 2011, but Katrina and Rita will almost certainly be retired.
• There are only four names left on this year's list. If the names run out (which would be the first time ever) then Greek letters will be used instead.

2005's Atlantic cyclones and hurricanes (very detailed maps & data)
Satellite photographs of this year's hurricanes
Hurricane history (all about the most serious US hurricanes of the last century)
• Hurricane strikes by severity, by decade, by state and by city
More anorakky hurricane facts than you could ever dream of

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