diamond geezer

 Wednesday, March 20, 2019

English cities, by date of designation

time immemorial: Canterbury, Durham, Exeter, Hereford, Lichfield, London, Wells, Winchester, Worcester, York
11th century: Lincoln, Chichester, Bath, Norwich
12th century: Coventry, Ely, Carlisle
13th century: Salisbury
14th century:
15th century:
16th century: Westminster, Chester, Gloucester, Peterborough, Bristol, Oxford
17th century:
18th century:
19th century: Ripon, Manchester, St Albans, Truro, Liverpool, Newcastle, Wakefield, Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, Bradford, Hull, Nottingham
20th century: Leicester, Stoke, Portsmouth, Salford, Plymouth, Lancaster, Cambridge, Southampton, Derby, Sunderland, Brighton & Hove, Wolverhampton
21st century: Preston, Chelmsford

English towns that used to be cities: Rochester (1998, administrative error)

English cathedral towns that aren't cities: Blackburn, Bury St Edmunds, Guildford, Rochester, Southwell

English cities without cathedrals: Bath, Brighton and Hove, Cambridge, Hull, Lancaster, Leeds, Nottingham, Plymouth, Preston, Salford, Southampton, Stoke, Sunderland, Westminster, Wolverhampton

English cities without universities: Ely, Hereford, Lichfield, Ripon, St Albans, Salisbury, Truro, Wakefield, Wells

English cities, by population

over 1,000,000: Birmingham
500,001-1,000,000: Manchester, Bradford, Sheffield, Leeds
400,001-500,000: Bristol, Liverpool
300,001-400,000: Nottingham, Coventry, Wakefield, Leicester
250,001-300,000: Plymouth, Hull, Brighton & Hove, Sunderland, Newcastle
200,001-250,000: Portsmouth, Westminster, Salford, Southampton, Derby, Stoke, Wolverhampton
150,001-200,000: Canterbury, Oxford, Chelmsford, Peterborough, York
100,001-150,000: Carlisle, Winchester, Exeter, Gloucester, Cambridge, Norwich, Lancaster, Preston, St Albans
50,001-100,000: Hereford, Bath, Chester, Lincoln, Durham, Worcester
20,001-50,000: Ely, Chichester, Lichfield, Salisbury
1-20,000: London, Wells, Ripon, Truro

Large urban areas that aren't cities

400,001-500,000: Bournemouth
300,001-400,000: Middlesbrough, Birkenhead, Reading
250,000-300,000: Luton, Farnham/Aldershot, Medway, Blackpool, Milton Keynes, Northampton

Failed attempts to become cities

1951: Croydon
1953: Preston, Southampton, Wolverhampton
1966: Derby, Teesside, Wolverhampton
1977: Blackburn, Brighton, Croydon, Dudley, Newport, Sandwell, Sunderland, Wolverhampton
1992: tbc
2000: Blackburn, Blackpool, Bolton, Colchester, Croydon, Doncaster, Dover, Guildford, Ipswich, Luton, Maidstone, Medway, Middlesbrough, Milton Keynes, Northampton, Preston, Shrewsbury, Southend, Southwark, Stockport, Telford, Warrington
2002: Blackburn, Blackpool, Bolton, Chelmsford, Colchester, Croydon, Doncaster, Dover, Greenwich, Guildford, Ipswich, Luton, Maidstone, Medway, Middlesbrough, Milton Keynes, Northampton, Reading, Shrewsbury, Southend, Stockport, Swindon, Telford, Warrington, Wirral
2012: Bolton, Bournemouth, Colchester, Corby, Croydon, Doncaster, Dorchester, Dudley, Gateshead, Goole, Luton, Medway, Middlesbrough, Milton Keynes, Reading, Southend, St Austell, Stockport, Tower Hamlets

English counties without a city, in population order

1) Surrey (1,185,000) - Guildford has a cathedral, but no great claim to be a city
2) Berkshire (906,000) - Reading is an obvious candidate
3) Buckinghamshire (803,000) - it's probably too soon for Milton Keynes
4) Dorset (771,000) - Bournemouth is top of the list next time round
5) Suffolk (757,000) Ipswich has the university, Bury St Edmunds has the cathedral
6) Northamptonshire (741,000) - Northampton would be quite keen
7) Bedfordshire (665,000) - Luton will one day be a city
8) Warwickshire (565,000) - no decent candidates
9) Shropshire (493,000) - Telford's big, but unlikely
10) Northumberland (319,000) - no decent candidates
11) Isle of Wight (141,000) - no chance
12) Rutland (39,500) - no chance

Cities close to London (there aren't many)

0-1 miles: Westminster, City of London
1-10 miles:
11-20 miles: St Albans
21-30 miles: Chelmsford
31-40 miles:
41-50 miles: Brighton, Cambridge
51-60 miles: Oxford, Chichester, Canterbury

Areas of England a surprisingly long way from a city (map)

30 miles: Wokingham, Berkshire
35 miles: between Northampton and Bedford
40 miles: Suffolk, east of Ipswich
40 miles: Welsh border, near the Shropshire Hills
40 miles: North Yorkshire coast, near Whitby
40 miles: east Cumbria, around Kirkby Stephen
45 miles: Isle of Portland, Dorset
45 miles: northwest Devon, near Clovelly
50 miles: Northumberland, near Holy Island

Background information
Further reading

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