diamond geezer

 Tuesday, October 25, 2016

A brief history of London's airport expansion

 HeathrowGatwickStanstedLutonCroydonEstuary
1920s 1920 Airfield opens  1920 Airport opens
1928 New terminal opens
 
1930s1930 Airfield opens1933 Opens to commercial flights
1939 Requisitioned
 1938 Airfield opens
1939 Requisitioned
1936 130000 passengers
1939 Requisitioned
 
1940s1943 Secretly requisitioned
1946 Opens as London Airport
1946 Reopens
1949 Will not be developed further
1943 Airfield opens
1949 Pencilled in as London's second airport
 1946 Reopens, but now second to Heathrow1943 Cliffe proposed
1950s1953 Confirmed as London’s 1st airport
1955 First terminal opened
1953 Designated London's 2nd airport
1953 Will not have a second runway
1958 Reopens after renovation
1953 Pencilled in as backup for Gatwick1952 Civil use resumes1952 Closure proposed
1959 Closed
 
1960s1961 Renamed London (Heathrow)
1966 Renamed Heathrow
1948 14m passengers
1961 Renamed London (Gatwick)
1963 All charter flights transferred from Heathrow
1963 Proposed as London's 3rd airport
1965 Public enquiry begins

1966 Placed under BAA control
1967 Confirmed as London's 3rd airport
1968 Ignored by Roskill Commission

1968 Luton on Roskill longlist1963 3rd airport decision required

1968 Roskill Commission enquiry begins.
Shortlisted sites at:
Thurleigh (Beds)
Cublington (Bucks)
Nuthampstead (Herts)
Maplin (Essex)
1968 Maplin on Roskill shortlist
1970s1970 Terminal 3 opens
1973 20m passengers
1977 Underground arrives
1970 Second runway proposed
1973 6m passengers
1974 Second runway abandoned
1979 Agreement not to build a 2nd runway for 40 years
1973 0.2m passengers
1973 3m passengers1970 Roskill Commission selects Cublington1971 Government selects Maplin instead
1974 New government cancels Maplin
1978 Maplin briefly reconsidered
1980s1986 Terminal 4 opens1984 Gatwick Express begins
1987 16m passengers
1988 North Terminal opens
1984 Development plan approved
1988 1m passengers
1985 New international terminal opensCity 
1981 Proposed
1987 Airport opens
1990s1994 50m passengers
1998 Heathrow Express begins
1998 Runway extended1991 New terminal and station opens1990 Renamed London Luton Airport
1999 Updated terminal opens
1997 1m passengers 
2000s2003 3rd runway proposed
2008 Terminal 5 opens
2009 3rd runway approved
2000 Terminals extended2008 2nd runway proposed2004 2nd runway proposed
2007 2nd runway cancelled
2005 DLR station opened2002 Cliffe proposed
2003 Cliffe abandoned
2008 Estuary proposed
2010s2010 3rd runway cancelled
2015 75m passengers
2015 40m passengers2010 2nd runway cancelled
2015 22m passengers
2015 12m passengers2015 4m passengers2011 Grain proposed
2013 Grain sidelined
2015 Grain dismissed
2012 Airports Commission set up to consider additional runway
2015 Heathrow and Gatwick on final shortlist
2016 Government decides
2017 Parliament votes
2020stbc    
2030s(quite possibly nothing)    


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